Exercises in Traditional English Grammar

Click on the name of an exercise to begin. Instructions are included. The skills addressed increase in sophistication as you go down the list.   If you see a button labeled "Next" or one with an arrow => at the end, click on it to reach another exercise in the sequence. Occasionally exercises will invite you to review earlier issues before proceeding. This site is under continual construction.

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I. Understanding Sentence Structure

Standard Curriculum
Special Topics
1. The Sentence as a Structure  
2. "Parsing": Some Useful Vocabulary and Concepts  

3. Identifying Parts of Speech: Word Classes


3a. Verbs
3b. Auxiliary Verbs
3c. Adjectives
3d. Adverbs
3e. Prepositions
3f. Adjectives and Possessives
3g. Pronouns
3h. Parsing Pronouns
4. Working with Verbs 4a. Consistency in Tense
4b. Choosing the Right Form
5. Analyzing the Sentence: Verbs, Subjects, Direct Objects
5b. Verbs (2)
5c. Subjects
5d. Direct Objects
5e. Questions
6. Word Groups: Phrases & Clauses, the Basics 6a. Phrases and Clauses
6b. Independent and Dependent Clauses

7. Focusing on What Matters by Screening Out Secondary Word Groups

7a. Recognizing What Is Secondary
7b. Types of Phrase
7c. Achieving Emphasis by Strengthening the Primary Words
8. Sentence Structure: Review or Fast-Track Introduction 8a. Identifying Subjects, Verbs, Direct Objects
8b. Introducing Subordinate Clauses as Main Sentence Elements
8c. Working with Subordinate Clauses as Main Sentence Elements
9. Sentence Patterns: Learning to See the Top Words 9a. Review of Simple Subjects and Verbs
9b. Intransitive and Linking Verbs
9c. Transitive Verbs and Direct Objects
9d. Indirect Objects
9e. Objective Complements
9f. Complements vs. Objects

II. Improving Sentence Variety

  1. Relative Clauses: The Basics (who/whom, which, that)

  2. Relative Clauses: Advanced (whose, for whom, the best of which, etc.)

  3. Punctuating Restrictive and Nonrestrictive Elements

  4. Appositives (a common type of sentence fragment)

  5. Subordinate Clauses

  6. Infinitive Phrases

  7. Absolute Phrases

III. Fine-Tuning Grammar

  1. Parallelism in Correlative Constructions

  2. Parallelism in Lists

  3. Pronoun Case

  4. Participles: Use and Abuse

  5. Misrelated Modifiers (only, not, even)

  6. Avoiding Sexist Language Sensibly

  7. Gerunds and Gerund Phrases

IV. Reading Poetry

  1. Untangling Syntax in Older Poetry

  2. A Short Course in Elizabethan Grammar (Early Modern English Grammar)


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